Do you know the difference between continuous and stop 声音? What about those tricky 声音 that you hear pronounced in two or three different ways? Blending 声音 is hard for children who are learning to read and it’s especially difficult if they do not correctly pronounce stop 声音. Are you teaching students to pronounce stop 声音 correctly and thus blend them well?
在有关的博客文章中 融合和细分，其中一件事 我感动是故意的 how you pronounced continuous and stop 声音. Stop 声音 are especially hard, and then there are some 声音 that are just plain tricky.
英语是几种不同语言的综合体，我们’我们从不同的地方采取了不同的声音模式。 Then, we’ve got accents from across the country that will skew some 声音 as well. Reading is hard, but breaking it down into individual 声音 and teaching students the building blocks of reading will help them be successful.
在过去的几年中，我’我注意到我的大儿子 doesn’t pronounce some 声音 correctly, like /th/, /w/, and /l/, which is a shame since his name starts with an L! 在大多数情况下，他’从不规则的语音模式中成长的速度有所减慢，但是语音延迟影响了他的阅读能力。
作为他’s journeyed 通过幼儿园，我’ve全年监控他的阅读进度。像大多数学生一样，他的进步是首先要掌握连续声音。 In fact, he knows all of his continuous 声音, but struggles with the stop 声音 and tricky 声音. 看到他的道路真的很有趣。
We’在他的幼儿园学期结束时，我才刚开始在家做一些系统的语音教学。 He’没有在学校收到它并且是一名阅读老师， I can see that he’准备将他的阅读提高到一个新的水平。 我和儿子一起注意到的最大的事情之一就是发音时缺乏意向性，’这是我们所从事的领域之一’努力工作。
Why should you know the difference between 停止和连续的声音?
When kids learn how to read, they need to know how to blend 声音 together. 正如我之前在有关混合和细分的博客文章中所述, one of the key skills that my struggling readers (and my own son) are missing is the ability to connect 声音 together when blending. Some students can segment the 声音 in a word and figure out what the word is without blending it. 我儿子可以用一些简短的CVC文字来做到这一点。 但是，他在用其他不太熟悉的单词挣扎。 Even if he knows the 声音 in the word, he cannot figure out the word based on segmenting the 声音.
Teaching students to blend the 声音 in words gives them a tool to successfully read most words in the English language. However, in order for students to successfully blend 声音, they, of course, need to know the 声音.
Keep reading for a video at the end where I model all 21 common consonant 声音. Some consonant 声音 make more than one sound, but I concentrate on the most common and taught 幼儿园 声音.
当我听到有人在停止声音（或与此有关的连续声音）的末尾添加schwa声音时，我仍然感到畏缩。 什么是schwa声音？ It’s that 小 “uh” sound that people add to the end of /p/, /d/, /c/, /g/ and other stop 声音. It’s really hard to say the stop sound without a 小 but of a schwa, but eliminate it as much as possible.
I even hear some people add a schwa to the end of some continuous 声音 like /f/. I’我们曾经听到人们对/ f /声音说/ fuh /，由于schwa将其变成停止音。 那个词很有趣，但是粉丝呢？ Try blending /fuh/ – /a/ – /n/. It 没有’听起来像风扇！
In the below video, I model how to say each of the 声音 without saying a schwa sound. If you are intentional about how you say each sound with your students and specifically teach students the correct 声音, if you listen and correct students when they mispronounce individual 声音 during 音素意识活动， 学生们 can become successful readers because they will have the tools they need to blend 声音 together into meaningful words.
The continuous 声音 是最简单的教学方法，通常是学生阅读时首先学习的方法。 They’re the 声音 that you practice first during 音素意识活动，通常是阅读指导中的第一门课。
The letters that make continuous 声音 是：
The pronunciation of these 声音 is pretty straight forward. 确保声音是一种连续的声音，并且您’最后不要以schwa声音来发音。
The letters that make stop 声音 are:
我的一招’我教我自己的孩子（和学生）的方法是把手放在嘴边。 When you say a stop sound, there is often a 小 puff of air. 当他们感觉到空气时，声音应该停止。 尝试使用/ p /声音。 It’最容易感觉到的。 Do you feel the 小 puff of air? That 小 puff of air occurs with the other stop 声音, too, but it’s a 小 more difficult to feel.
Some 声音 are just plain tricky. They may be a combination of stop or continuous 声音 or they may be pronounced differently in different reading programs or even in different areas of the country. In the below video, I go over the tricky 声音 and give you some ideas on how to pronounce them (and teach students to say them) so that students can successfully use them when blending words.
The tricky 声音 是：
关于 seven years ago, when I started teaching 幼儿园 (after having taught third through fifth grades for a number of years), I learned that I was pronouncing the /w/ and /y/ 声音 incorrectly. They’在棘手的声音就像是因为他们’它的发音与我们大多数人所教的和大多数人会想的不同。
Remember: the goal is that students learn the 声音 of the letters so that they can blending them into words. With this goal in mind, listen in the video on how to pronounce the /w/ and /y/ 声音. 考虑将语音混合到幼儿园CVC常用单词中的发音。
视频说明 All the Sounds
我将此视频录制为Facebook Live视频的一部分。 It’s a good video that illustrates how to pronounce all the 声音. Since it’如果是Facebook Live视频，则可能需要快速浏览一些介绍性信息才能查看和听到声音发音。 Here is a 链接到视频 在Facebook上，或者您可以播放下面的视频。
在阅读本文之前，您是否知道有一个 difference between continuous and stop 声音? Did the video change how you will approach some of these 声音 with your students?
如前所述，阅读很复杂。 Until I 开始教幼儿阅读，我没有’意识到帮助学生成为成功的读者所需的所有细微差别。 Knowing the 21 consonant 声音 is only one pieces of the puzzle, but it’是重要的一块！